Java is an object oriented programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in early 1990 by developers James Gosling, Mike Sheridan and Patrick Naughton. In 1991 James Gosling and his friends formed a team called Green Team to further work on this project. The original idea was to develop this programming language for digital devices such as television, set-top box, remote etc. Later this idea was dropped and Java is developed for internet programming.
History of Java
Original developer and programming name:
James Gosling is considered the original developer of Java language. He is also known as father of Java. He started on this in early 1990s. He originally named it Greentalk and the extension was .gt.
Programming language renamed from Greentalk to Oak:
When Green team (James Gosling, Mike Sheridan and Patrick Naughton) started working on it, it was renamed to Oak. Oak is a tree name, which is considered a symbol of strength and is a national tree in many countries such as U.S.A., France, Germany, Romania, etc.
Again renamed from Oak to Java in 1995:
The project is again renamed from Oak to Java in 1995 as Oak was a trademark for other organization.
Original and first version of Java:
JDK first version alpha & beta was released in 1995 by Sun Microsystems.
Java Version History
|JDK Alpha & Beta||1995|
|JDK 1.0||January 1996|
|JDK 1.1||February 1997|
|J2SE 1.2||December 1998|
|J2SE 1.3||May 2000|
|J2SE 1.4||February 2002|
|Java SE 5||September 2004|
|Java SE 6||December 2006|
|Java SE 7||July 2011|
|Java SE 8||March 2014|
|Java SE 9||September 2017|
|Java SE 11||September 2018|
|Java SE 12||March 2019|
|Java SE 13||September 2019|
|Java SE 14||March 2020|
|Java SE 15||September 2020|
|Java SE 16||March 2021|
|Java SE 17||September 2021|
|Java SE 18||March 2022|
|Java SE 19||to be released by September 2022|
|Java SE 20||to be released by March 2023|
|Java SE 21||to be released by September 2023|